Consumer Health Information Centre  
CHIC Home CHIC About CHIC CHIC Advisory Panel CHIC Useful Links CHIC Site Map CHIC Contact Us
Chic Inside Pages Skin & Scalp
Chic Inside Pages Eye, Ear & Mouth
Chic Inside Pages Coughs, Colds & Flu
Chic Inside Pages Allergy/Hayfever
Chic Inside Pages Bowels
Chic Inside Pages Urinary/Gynaecological
Chic Inside Pages Pain & Pain Relief
Chic Inside Pages Sleep & Travel
Chic Inside Pages Smoking & Drinking
Feeling Unwell?

Skin & Scalp

The skin is the largest organ in the body. Effective skin treatment is such a part of our everyday lives that we often take it for granted.

Cuts and abrasions
Condition Cuts and abrasions
Symptoms Bleeding
OTC Treatment - Antiseptic
- Adhesive plaster
- Sterile dressing or a piece of gauze secured with a bandage.
For OTC products, read First Aid
Other self-help

With small cuts and grazes where the bleeding soon stops of its own accord, the main aim is to dress the wound to minimise the risk of infection.

Other information

Major injuries with severe blood loss require urgent medical attention.

top of page
Burns and scalds
Condition Burns and scalds
OTC Treatment

- Sterile dressings
- Local anaesthetic spray (only if the skin is unbroken)
For OTC products, read Burns/Scalds

Other self-help

If you burn or scald yourself it will help to place the injury under running cold water for at least 10 minutes. Also, remove any tight clothing or jewellery as there is a risk of swelling in the injured area.

Other information Minor burns and scalds heal effectively if they are treated promptly. Do not burst blisters.
Severe burns and scalds (larger than the size of the persons palm), chemical burns and electrical burns require medical attention.
top of page
Bruised, chapped skin
Condition Bruised, chapped skin

Colouration and swelling. Sometimes painful.

OTC Treatment

- Cold compressions, such as ice packs
- Topical circulatory preparations
For OTC products, read Bruised/Chapped Skin/Chilblains

top of page
Condition Chilblains

Start as small, cold, white patches on the skin and develop into red swellings that itch and burn.

OTC Treatment

- Counter-irritant preparations ( for unbroken chilblains)
For OTC products, read Bruised/Chapped Skin/Chilblains

Other self-help If you have chilblains try to keep the affected part of the body warm.
Other information

Chilblains affect around 1 in 12 people. Figures suggest that women are around 6 times more likely to suffer than men.
Chilblains are caused when people are abnormally sensitive to the cold and the blood vessels contract so much that the skin is deprived of blood and oxygen.

top of page
Condition Sunburn
Symptoms Soreness, redness and blistering
OTC Treatment

- Calamine lotion
- Preparations containing a local anaesthetic and antiseptic
For OTC products, read Sunburn

Other self-help Prevention of sunburn is better than cure. Always use a sunscreen that gives an adequate level of protection whenever your skin is exposed to the sun. Skin cancer is linked to sun exposure and is on the increase.
Other information

Good sun sense involves more than just applying some suntan lotion. For all-round sun safety, the following points are important:
- Use a broad-spectrum sun protection product that offers a high degree of protection.
- Use a water-resistant product for water sports
- Reapply sunscreens frequently, especially after swimming
- Use sunscreen even on cloudy days (UVA and UVB can penetrate clouds)
- Stay in the shade between 11.00hrs and 15.00hrs
- Wear a hat whenever possible
- Use a good moisturiser at night
- Use a sun-block on tender skin areas (lips, nose, ears etc)
- Use sun-block if suffering from a sun allergy
- Do not use sun beds
- Protect children – up to 80% of sun damage is caused in childhood
- Do not expose children under 3 years of age to direct sunlight
- Use sun-block or a very high protection sunscreen whenever young children are out in the sun (e.g. SPF 30 or 35)
- Make sure that children wear clothing in addition to the use of a sunscreen; hats and T-shirts are especially important.

top of page
Photodermatoses (polymorphic light eruption/prickly heat)
Condition Photodermatoses (polymorphic light eruption/prickly heat)
Symptoms Itching, redness, blisters, rashes.
OTC Treatment

- Topical zinc oxide or calamine may relieve prickly heat.
For OTC products, read Sunscreen/Light Sensitivity

Other self-help If you sufferer from Photodermatoses always use a high protection sunscreen with a high level of UVA protection whenever you go into the sun.
top of page
Milaria/prickly heat

Milaria/prickly heat

Symptoms Red, itchy rash caused by minute blisters or discrete nodules under each sweat gland.
OTC Treatment For OTC products, read Sweat Rash
Other self-help The best treatment to combat prickly heat is to move, if possible, to a cool, preferably air-conditioned area. Keeping yourself cool and choosing loose, light clothing also helps.
top of page
Ringworm (Tinea)
Condition Ringworm (Tinea)
Symptoms Red or grey scaly rings which gradually increase in size as the infection spreads. It can be found everywhere on the body.
OTC Treatment

- Topical anti-fungal preparations
For OTC products, read Ringworm

Other information

Despite its name, ringworm is not a worm, but a fungal infection caught from animals or other infected humans. As the ring grows the centre of the ring appears to heal. This characteristic is useful in differentiating between Tinea and eczema or psoriasis.
If you suspect you have a ringworm infection on your scalp or under your nails it is advisable to see your GP. It can spread to other people so use only your own towel until it clears.

top of page
Condition Impetigo
Symptoms Small vesicles filled with puss on a red base – usually on the face. These vesicles rupture covering the area with a golden crust.
OTC Treatment

- Topical preparations
For OTC products, read All Skin & Scalp Symptoms

Other information

Impetigo is a highly contagious bacterial infection that occurs usually in young children.
Systemic antibiotics from the GP are often needed to treat impetigo, depending upon the size of the area involved.

top of page
Condition Spots/Pimples
Symptoms Blackheads and pus-filled lumps on the skin
OTC Treatment

- Antibacterial creams
For OTC products, read Spots/Pimples

top of page
Condition Acne

Small reddish lumps; large pus- filled spots and cysts

OTC Treatment

- Topical creams and gels containing benzoyl peroxide
For OTC products, read Acne

Other self-help Frequent washing helps to reduce levels of sebum that is the cause of acne but excessive use of soaps will remove the protective skin layer and may make things worse.
Other information

If your acne is particularly severe, or you have had it for several weeks, you may want to seek the advice of a GP or dermatologist

top of page
Condition Boils
Symptoms Large, tender red pus-filled lump with a white or yellow head that may burst.
OTC Treatment

- Local antiseptics.
For OTC products, read All Skin & Scalp Symptoms

Other information

Boils develop when a hair follicle becomes infected, often with the bacteria Staphylococcus.
More widespread infections may require medical attention.

top of page
Animal bites
Condition Animal bites
OTC Treatment

- Antiseptics

Other information

A tetanus booster may be required.

top of page
Insect bites

Insect bites (see also "Allergy/Hayfever")

Symptoms - Red, itchy swelling around the site of the bite.
- Severe pain.
OTC Treatment

-Antihistamine cream
- Antipruritics
- Local anaesthetic
- Antihistamine
For OTC products, read Insect Bites and stings

Other self-help The 'sting' from a bee or wasp should be removed if it has been left in the skin. A cold compress can reduce swelling and relieve pain.
Other information

People who are very sensitive to stings can have a really severe allergic reaction: an anaphylactic shock. Symptoms include blotchy rash, puffy face and eyes, difficulty breathing and rapid pulse. Medical help is urgently needed.

top of page
Cold sores
Condition Cold sores (see also "Eye, Ear & Mouth")

There are four symptom stages of cold sores:
1 Tingle – the skin tingles and itches before the sore appears.
2 Blister – the sore begins as a small, raised blotch that swells and forms blisters, either singly or in small clusters. These are often very painful.
3 Weeping – the blisters collapse and join up to form a large weeping sore. At this stage the virus can easily be passed to others.
4 Scab – the blisters begin to dry out and heal and a scab forms.

OTC Treatment

- Antiviral
For OTC products, read Lipcare

Other self-help Toothache tinctures and oil of cloves.
Other information

Between 20% and 25% of people suffer from recurrent cold sores. While the majority develop only occasional lesions, a tenth will have more than six episodes a year.
Cold sores are caused by the 'Herpes simplex’ virus, picked up by contact with an infected person. The majority of the time the infection lies dormant in the nerves that supply the skin around the lips and nostrils. When reactivated the virus travels down the nerves to the surface of the skin and a new sore is formed.
Cold sores have different triggers that vary for each person, including physical and emotional stress, illness that lowers resistance, exposure to strong sunlight, menstruation, fatigue, dental treatment and injuries to the mouth.

top of page
Bedsores/pressure sores
Condition Bedsores/pressure sores
Symptoms Tissue damage on the buttocks, ankles, hips and heels.
OTC Treatment

For OTC products, read Bedsores

Other self-help Bedsores are almost entirely prevented by good nursing. This involves regular changes of the patients positioning, cushioning of pressure points and scrupulous skin hygiene.
top of page
Leg ulcers/varicose veins
Condition Leg ulcers/varicose veins

Ulcerations to the skin on the leg.

OTC Treatment

- Support hosiery
- Leg ulcers are usually treated by nurses or health visitors.
For OTC products, read Footcare

Other information

Leg ulcers – like pressure sores – are a manifestation of an underlying problem with circulation. In comparison with other parts of the body the flow of blood through he body is precarious and can be affected by even small changes. The flow back to the heart has to work against gravity and relies on a series of valves in the blood vessels. If venous blood flow is impaired varicose veins and leg ulcers may result. People with diabetes are at particular risk due to their restricted arterial blood flow called ischaemia.

top of page
Condition Intertrigo

Soreness and irritation in deep crevices or folds in the skin. Usually a problem in obese individuals.

OTC Treatment

- Antifungals
- Antiseptics
- Dusting powders (to keep the skin dry)
For OTC products, read All Skin & Scalp Symptoms

Other self-help Obese people would benefit in this condition by reducing their weight.
Other information

Irritation occurs where two areas of the skin rub together and sweat collects and skin can become infected by Candida.

top of page
Eczema and dermatitis
Condition Eczema and dermatitis (see also "Allergy/Hayfever")

Eczema: used to describe conditions running in families (atopic eczema) - the skin is inflammed, red, itchy and scaly.
Dermatitis: used to describe skin reactions to external conditions (contact dermatitis) - inflammation of the skin.
Eczema can be used to describe both conditions.
In its mildest form eczema is simply a tendency to dry skin. In more severe cases the skin may crack, weep, swell, bleed or become infected.

OTC Treatment

- Emollient bath preparation
- Emollient soap
- Moisturising cream or ointment
- Corticosteroids (e.g. beta methasone) or antiseptic (non-antibiotic)
- Hydrocortisone.
For OTC products, read Dry Skin, Eczema and Psoriasis

Other self-help - Bathing: bath frequently and avoid perfumed baths. Use emollients. Water should be warm but not too hot.
- Washing powders: Use non-biological washing powders.
- Allergens: Avoid known allergens. Environmental factors such as animal fur and dander are known triggers. Special vacuum cleaners, sprays and bedding can help reduce exposure to mites. Rooms should be well ventilated and not too warm.
- Diet: One in ten eczema sufferers can link their condition to diet. A trained dietitian can help advise and supervise your food intake.
- Stress: any technique that helps a sufferer manage stress is useful.
- Finger nails: keep nails short to prevent damaging the skin if you tend to scratch
- Young children can wear cotton mittens at night.
Other information

There is often confusion about the terms ‘dermatitis’ and ‘eczema’. They are often used interchangeably by dermatologists to describe a range of inflammatory skin conditions. The terms describe a range of skin conditions of different causes where the main symptoms are red, dry, itchy, weeping and/or crusting skin.
Atopic eczema: a chronic and fluctuating condition of the skin with no known cause although a family history is common.
In children, atopic eczema generally appears in the first year of life, often between the ages of 2 and 4 months. Studies suggest it affects about 10% of children. About half of these clear up by the time the child is 18 months old, but the condition may continue into adulthood.
Allergic contact dermatitis (eczema) – development of hypersensitivity to a particular ‘agent’ which can occur
after a couple of exposures or over many years of repeated exposure e.g. reaction to nickel in some jewellery.
Irritant dermatitis (eczema): a reaction of the skin following contact with irritant substances e.g. household cleaning materials. The reaction is localised to the area of contact with the irritant.

top of page
Seborrhoeic eczema (cradle cap)
Condition Seborrhoeic eczema (cradle cap – this is the name seborrhoeic eczema is given when it happens to babies)

This is often referred to as severe dandruff: red, scaly and itchy skin often spreading from the scalp to the ears, eyebrows and eyelids.

OTC Treatment

- Shampoos, ointments and gels containing salicylic acis, dithranol and coal tar. Coal tar has anti-inflammatory and anti-scaling effects, while salicylic acid is a keratolytic that aids the shedding of scales. Dithranol slows down the rate of skin cell turnover. Some formulations contain the antifungal ketoconazole which alleviates symptoms.
Special formulations are available for infants with cradle cap. But gentle rubbing with olive oil is all that may be required
For OTC products, read Cradle Cap

Other information

In babies seborrhoeic eczema starts at around 2 months with thick yellow scales on the scalp.

top of page
Athlete’s Foot
Condition Athlete’s Foot (see also "Ring worm")

Itchy, sore skin between the toes that will eventually crack and peel. Sometimes appears white, inflamed and weepy.

OTC Treatment

- Antifungal or keratolytic preparations for shoes and socks.
- Antifungal dusting powders, creams, sprays and ointments.
For OTC products, read Athletes Foot

Other self-help If you suffer from Athlete’s Foot it may help to wash and dry your feet thoroughly every day. Socks or stockings should be changed daily.
Other information

Around one in seven of the adult population is affected by Athlete’s Foot at any one time.
Athlete’s Foot is caused by the Fungus Tinea Pedis, that colonises the outermost layer of the skin. The fungus produces an enzyme that eventually produces toxins.
Athlete’s Foot is not confined to sporty people! Anyone can get it, except the very young. The infection can be picked up by walking barefoot across a changing room floor or at a swimming pool. Once caught, the fungus flourishes in the warm, moist environment between the toes.

top of page
Condition Corns

A small area of thickened, often hardened, skin with a central core. Found on the knuckles of the toes, particularly on the side of the little toe.

OTC Treatment

- Keratolytic salicylic acid to soften the hardened skin.
- Felt rings can be worn around the corn to prevent pressure from footwear.
For OTC products, read Corns, Warts and Verrucas

Other self-help You can remove corns and calluses by soaking your feet regularly in warm water to soften them. Gentle rubbing with a pumice stone will eventually remove the affected skin.
Other information

Women are more prone to foot problems because of wearing high heals and pointed shoes that force the toes forward. 30% of women in the UK suffer from corns, compared to 14% of men.
NB: People with diabetes should not self-treat any foot problems but should see their GP or chiropodist.

top of page
Condition Calluses

Calluses are more extensive patches of toughened skin that can occur on any part of the body, especially the feet, hands and knees.

OTC Treatment For OTC products, read Calluses
top of page
Warts and verrucas
Condition Warts and verrucas

A rough, usually raised surface on the skin that is a regular shape and clearly defined borders. There may be black spots in the centre, showing where tiny blood vessels have become involved.
Warts normally grow on the hands; verrucas are warts growing inwards on the soles of the feet.
Genital warts (on the penis or vagina) can be very small and cause little or no discomfort.

OTC Treatment

- Wart removers containing keratolytic agent salicylic acid. This helps remove the affected skin and stimulates production of protective antibodies.
- Lactic acid has corrosive properties and is included in many preparations.
When applying these products care must be taken not to let them spread onto unaffected skin.
For OTC products, read Corns, Warts and Verrucas

Other self-help Regular abrasion with pumice stones or emery boards helps remove the treated dead skin.
Other information

Warts and verrucas are caused by viral infections of the skin (30 different ones in total). They are not nearly as contagious as we once thought and can take the human body up to two years to develop immunity against the virus. This explains why warts may be present for some time and then resolve of their own accord.
Warts growing around the genital area and anus spread rapidly and require medical attention. It is important to have these removed as warts on the penis are linked to cancer of the cervix in their partner.

top of page
Condition Psoriasis

Skin lesions that appear as well-defined, raised, reddish, slightly itchy plaques of tissue which are covered in large amounts of loose, slightly silvery scales. The scalp is also commonly affected but the face is very rarely involved.
In complications of psoriasis the nails may be affected and 7% of sufferers have joint pain.

OTC Treatment

- Emollient bath
- Preparations and products containing coal tar, salicylic acid and dithranol
For OTC products, read Dry Skin, Eczema and Psoriasis

Other information

The majority of psoriasis treatments are only available on prescription.

top of page
Condition Urticaria

Bumps on the skin like nettle rash or hives. Red and itchy skin.

OTC Treatment

- Calamine lotion
- Preparations containing hydrocortisone.
- Antihistamines
For OTC treatment, read Nettle Rash, Genital Itch and All Skin & Scalp Symptoms

Other self-help If you know what triggers your urticaria, try to avoid contact.
Other information

Urticaria affects 20% of the population at some time in their lives. Women may be more affected than men – especially in the case of chronic urticaria.
It follows exposure to a certain allergen – that may remain unidentified by the patient. Urticaria can be triggered by physical causes such as heat, cold, pressure and sunlight or viral infections.

top of page
Hair loss (alopecia)
Condition Hair loss (alopecia)
OTC Treatment

- minoxidil and finesteride (private prescription at present) works for both men and women but needs to be used continuously.
For OTC products, read Baldness

Other information

One in twenty men start to lose their hair in their 20s; this rises to one in three in the 30s and to over four in five by the 70s. More than half of women over 50 suffer some form of hair loss.
There are an average of 100,000 to 150,000 hairs on the human head, with a life-cycle ranging from 2 to 6 years.
Normally around 100 hairs are shed every day and, when the numbers lost exceed this, hair fall or thinning of the hair is noticed.
The most common cause of hair loss in both men and women is hereditary loss, which accounts for 95% of all hair loss. This is linked to the hormone dihydrotestosterone.. Hair loss can also be related to other factors including drug treatment, thyroid disease and iron deficiency. It is also common in women about 3 months after giving birth.

top of page
Dandruff (Pityriasis capitis)
Condition Dandruff (Pityriasis capitis)

Excessive shedding of scales from the scalp; itching.

OTC Treatment

- Shampoos containing coal tar or its derivatives, pyrithione zinc, selenium sulphide, keratolytics, antimicrobial detergents or the antifungal ketoconazole.
The shampoo formulation of ketoconazole is suitable for the treatment and prevention of both dandruff and seborrhoeic eczema.
For OTC products, read Dandruff

Other information

Dandruff is rare in young children but increases in incidence throughout the second decade of life. It affects up to 75% of the population at some time in their lives.
It is caused by a naturally increased rate of cell turnover in the scalp, producing more of the ‘horny’ cells that make up the outermost layer of the skin. This may be linked to the male hormone, testosterone, but sufferers have also been found to have high levels of the yeast Pityrosporum ovale.

top of page
Condition Scabies

Itching, inflammation and sometimes secondary infection. Sometimes thin greyish burrows about 0.5cm long can be seen in the skin. A characteristic rash can form on several parts of the body in the usual sequence: between the fingers, wrists, axially, genitalia, buttocks and abdomen

OTC Treatment

- Antiparasitic such as malathion or permethrin.
- Benzyl benzoate, an irritant ( should not be used with children.)
- Antipruritic such as crotamiton
- Oral antihistamine
For OTC products, read Scabies/Head Lice

Other information

Scabies is caused by a mite that burrows into the skin.
Itching may persist for some time after the infection has been cleared.

top of page
Lice (pediculosis)
Condition Lice (pediculosis)

Many people are unaware of the fact they carry headlice as they have no symptoms.
However, after time the body may become sensitised to substances injected by the louse during feeding and this can lead to itching and possibly to secondary infection.
Black, gritty powder (louse faeces) on pillows and collars is also a sign of infestation.

OTC Treatment

- Insecticides (pediculocides) e.g. malathion, permethrin and phenothrin.
- Aqueous and alcoholic lotions, crème rinses and shampoos.
The instructions for use must be followed carefully for treatment to be successful. Headlice can also become resistant to insecticides.
For OTC products, read Scabies/Head Lice

Other self-help Wet combing is an alternative method for tackling headlice. Hair must be meticulously combed using a conditioner after shampooing the hair. For the most effective treatment, use a ‘detection’ comb for at least 30 minutes each time, over the whole scalp, at 4-day intervals, for a minimum of two weeks.
Other information

There are three types of human lice: headlice, body lice and pubic lice (sometimes called crabs).
are the most commonly encountered. The only way to be sure you have headlice is to remove a live louse from the scalp.
Grooming the hair with a special detector comb over a white sheet of paper may reveal one.
At any one time 2.5% of school children will be infected with headlice. This can rise rapidly to 25% in an outbreak.
Headlice are wingless insects, growing up to the size of 2-3mm, which live on the scalp. Their six legs have claws, specially adapted for holding onto hair shafts, and they are difficult to dislodge.
Headlice can not jump or fly, nor do they live in bedding, furniture or clothes. They can be passed by close head-to-head contact. Headlice lay 6-8 eggs a night, gluing them to the base of the hair shafts. Once hatched the empty, whole egg-shell left behind is called a nit. Nits are a good sign that headlice are, or have been, present. As the hair grows, the nits stay glued in position. The distance of the nits from the scalp gives an indication of the length of time since the eggs were laid.
After treatment for headlice it is important to trace all contacts and determine the source of the infection. If this is not done the headlice may recur.

top of page
Condition Hair Loss (Baldness)
Symptoms - 30 per cent of white men have started to lose hair by the age of 30, and 50 per cent by the age of 50. By old age, nearly 100 per cent have lost hair to some extent. Black men are four times less likely to than white men to lose their hair and go bald.
- Hair loss usually does not start until after puberty, and the rate of loss varies widely. Some men go completely bald in less than 5 years but for most it takes 15-25 years.
- Hair loss normally begins with thinning at both sides at the front of the scalp, followed by thinning across the top of the head. Eventually there is complete hair loss over the crown, producing a bald patch. This grows and joins the receding frontal hairline, leaving behind an island of hair at the front of the scalp. Eventually this also disappears leaving only patches of hair at the back and sides of the head, which may also be lost eventually.
- Most men are not aware of hair actually falling out, but just notice that it is vanishing.
For OTC products, read Baldness
OTC Treatment - There is one treatment available without prescription: Regaine (Pharmacia), which contains minoxidil. It is available in two strengths: Regular (2%) and Extra (5%). The Regular strength, but not the Extra strength, can also be used by women.
- Regaine produces some re-growth of hair in about 60% of male users within 4 months of use. The manufacturer claims that the Extra strength can produce over 40% more hair growth over 12 months than the Regular strength, and that it acts faster. Re-growth in women with the Regular strength is slower than in men.
- There may be some additional hair loss in the first couple of weeks of treatment before re-growth begins. Use should be stopped if there is been no effect after twelve months of treatment. Regaine is not a permanent cure, hair loss will begin again if treatment is stopped.
Other Treatment

A prescription medicine, Propecia (finasteride) is available, but a private prescription is needed as the NHS will not pay for it. Finasteride works by reducing the rate of breakdown of testosterone. It usually takes at least four months for any effect to be seen.

top of page
Nappy Rash
Condition Nappy Rash

Red, sore rash that usually starts around a baby’s genitals and, if left untreated, the skin becomes shiny and tight, with inflamed spots and pus-filled centres.
Another type of nappy rash occurs in babies who wear fabric nappies. Here the redness covers most of the nappy area and is caused by an allergy to chemicals in the washing powder or fabric conditioner.

OTC Treatment

- Skin protectants, which act as a barrier to moisture, can be applied at each nappy change.
For OTC products, read Nappy Rash

Other self-help The nappy area needs to be kept scrupulously clean and any dirty nappies should be changed as soon as possible.
Other information

Nappy rash is probably the most common of all infant skin conditions. It is usually caused by the skin coming into contact with urine and faeces. Bacteria in the faeces break down the urine and release ammonia, which irritates the skin.
Nappy rash can also be caused by a baby’s skin not being dried properly after bathing. This type of rash usually starts in the skin creases at the top of the thighs.
If the rash starts around the anus and moves over the buttocks and onto the thighs, it may be due to candida infection.
Cases of severe nappy rash require medical attention as the rash may require treatment with a topical antibiotic or antifungal preparation

top of page
Condition Hyperhidrosis

Excessive sweating

OTC Treatment

- Antiperspirants that contain aluminium salts, such as aluminium chloride hexahydrate, which help to reduce or prevent excessive sweating.
For OTC products, read Excessive Sweating/ Hyperhidrosis

Other information

If you sweat uncontrollably, even under normal temperature conditions, it’s likely you’re suffering from Hyperhidrosis. The condition can be made worse by emotional stress or hot and humid conditions.
Inappropriate sweating occurs because the body’s internal thermostat is set incorrectly so that the body ‘thinks’ that it is overheating and attempts to cool down through excessive sweating. The most commonly affected parts of the body are palms of the hands, soles of feet, underarms, the back and the face.

top of page is a directory of medicines and food supplements that are available 'over the counter' (OTC) from your pharmacist. The links below will take you to pages detailing products which may help treat or relieve the following symptoms:

NHS Direct - The gateway to health information on the internet.
Contains a list of information on health, including features, healthy living, healthcare guide, conditions and treatments and frequently asked questions.
Health Campaigns
Health Campaigns
Health Campaigns
Proprietary Association of Great Britain, Vernon House, Sicilian Avenue, London WC1A 2QS, Tel: 020 7242 8331 Fax: 020 7405 7719
Copyright © 2006 PAGB. All rights reserved.